Condemnation and Prohibition of Falsehood

ALLAH, the Exalted, says: 
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

"And shun lying speech (false statements).'' (22:30) 

"And follow not (O man, i.e., say not or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge.'' (17:36) 

"Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).'' (50:18) 

"Verily, your Rubb is Ever Watchful (over them).'' (89:14) 

"And those who do not witness falsehood...'' (25:72) 

1. Ibn Mas`ud (r.a) reported: The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) said, "Truth leads to piety and piety leads to Jannah. A man persists in speaking the truth till he is recorded with ALLAH as a truthful man. Falsehood leads to transgression and transgression leads to the Hell-fire. A man continues to speak falsehood till he is recorded with ALLAH as a great liar.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Abu Hurairah (r.a) said: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "It is enough for a man to prove himself a liar when he goes on narrating whatever he hears.'' [Muslim].

Commentary: We learn from this Hadith that it is not fair to accept everything one hears as true without verifying it. Nor it is right to communicate it to others because it is quite possible that what one has heard is untrue and by communicating it to others, he adds it to his own lies. It is, therefore, necessary that one should make sure that what he is communicating to others is true. [Riyad us Saliheen]

2. Abu Bakrah (r.a) reported: The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) said, "Shall I not inform you of one of the gravest of the cardinal sins?'' We said: "Yes, O Messenger of ALLAH!'' He (PBUH) said, "To join others as partners with ALLAH in worship and to be undutiful to one's parents.'' The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) sat up from his reclining position (in order to stress the importance of what he was going to say) and added, "I warn you making a false statement and giving a false testimony. I warn you against making a false statement and giving a false testimony.'' The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) kept on repeating this (warning) till we wished he should stop. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

3. Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (r.a) said: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Whosoever possesses these four characteristics, is a sheer hypocrite; and anyone who possesses one of them, possesses a characteristic of hypocrisy till he gives it up. (These are:) When he talks, he tells a lie; when he makes a covenant, he acts treacherously; and when he quarrels, he utters foul language.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

4. Samurah (r.a) reported: The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) said, "He who relates from me something which he deems false is one of the liars.'' [Muslim] 

Commentary: In some of the narrations of this Hadith, the word used is "Kadhibain'' which means "two liars'' One is that person who tells a lie and attributes his statement to the Prophet (PBUH). The second is that person who conveys it to others. Thus, this Hadith has a stern warning for those `Ulama' and preachers who feel no hesitation in relating false and fabricated Ahadith. 

5. Asma' (r.a) reported: A woman came to the Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) and said: "I have a co-wife. "Is there any harm for me if I give her the false impression of getting something from my husband which he has not in fact given me?'' The Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH) said, "The one who creates a false impression of receiving what one has not been given is like one who wears two garments of falsehood.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

By : Ayesha Ahsam

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